Free Preschool Math Skills Checklist & Lesson Plans
A preschool math skills checklist is a handy tool for planning effective lessons and tracking student progress. It ensures that important math concepts like counting, number sense, and shapes are introduced and reinforced throughout the year.
Learn how to use a preschool math skills checklist alongside engaging preschool math activities to develop a fun and structured approach to teaching math in early childhood education. By utilizing these tools, educators can ensure they cover essential concepts while making math enjoyable and effective for young learners.
A preschool math skills checklist provides a clear framework for organizing lessons and monitoring student growth. This tool ensures that foundational math concepts, such as counting, number sense, and shapes, are introduced progressively and revisited throughout the year for reinforcement.
Incorporating this checklist with engaging preschool math activities in a math scope and sequence creates a wellrounded, handson approach to math instruction.
Educators can use the checklist to guide their lesson plans, ensuring all key concepts are covered while making learning both structured and fun for young learners.
This combination provides a clear path for introducing math concepts, ensuring that no important skill is overlooked, and that students build on what they’ve learned in a meaningful, consistent way.

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Essential Guide to Preschool Math Skills & Lesson Plans
The following FAQ provides answers to common questions about using a preschool math skills checklist to plan effective math lessons.
Preschool math lesson plans provide structure and ensure that all the essential math concepts are introduced in a way that’s ageappropriate and engaging for young learners.
A good preschool math lesson plan should include clear learning objectives, interactive activities, and opportunities for handson learning. Most importantly, the lesson should be developmentally appropriate for the age.
The primary goal is to develop strong foundational math skills that will set the stage for more advanced math learning in the future.
Preschoolers need to develop key learning behaviors like curiosity to explore and learn, persistence to keep trying even when things are hard, and attention to stay focused. They also need selfcontrol to manage emotions and social skills to work well with others. These skills help set them up for success in school and life.
This will help develop a positive attitude towards math.
What Should Be Included in Math Lesson Plans for Preschool?
A comprehensive math lesson plan should cover all five disciplines of math: Number Sense, Algebra, Geometry, Measurement, and Data Analysis & Probability. Let’s go through the key elements that should be included in preschool math lesson plans to ensure a balanced and thorough approach to math education.
Number Sense Activities
Simply put, number sense means to have a deep and thorough understanding of numbers and how they work in relationship to one another. Number sense skills include:
 knowledge of specific quantities
 naming numbers
 counting with one to one correspondence
 addition
 subtraction
When choosing a preschool math curriculum, or when creating your own math lesson plans for preschoolers, it’s important to include a wealth of number sense activities.

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For example, in my counting lesson plans for preschoolers, I include several math activities that range in focus from number identification and one to one correspondence to comparing quantities and composing ten. My preschool counting lesson plans give my preschoolers a very strong foundation in number sense skills.
020 Counting Lesson Plans for Preschoolers
But the math activities for your preschool math lesson plans aren’t complete if they limited number sense activities related to just counting and number identification.
You also have to include addition and subtraction skills in preschool. There’s no need to worry about your preschooler being able to form algorithms, but it is very appropriate for preschoolers to learn that adding makes more and subtracting makes less.
I cover those skills in a completely different unit: my addition and subtraction lesson plans for preschoolers.
Addition and Subtraction Lesson Plans for Preschoolers
When planning addition and subtraction activities for your preschool lesson plans for math, you should include:
 composing five
 composing ten
 decomposing five
 decomposing ten
 identifying equal and nonequal numbers
 completing basic addition and subtraction algorithms
You might find these posts informative.
 Foundational Math Topic: Number Sense
 Number Sense Activities for Little Learners
 Developing Number Sense
Algebraic Activities for Preschoolers
Yes, preschoolers can learn algebra. In fact, some might argue that preschoolers learn algebraic skills before some number sense skills. In preschool, algebraic skills are related to recognizing spatial relationships and patterns. They include:
 recognizing pattern relationships in numbers (like that numbers increase or decrease in quantity)
 recognizing and producing repeating patterns
 seeing changes that create patterns
 understanding positions and locations
 discriminating similarities and differences
 sorting into groups
Any set of early childhood math lesson plans should include algebraic concepts. In their most simple form, they are sorting and patterning skills, as well as positional skills (like understanding under, over, into, besides, around, etc).
For example, in my positions and patterns lesson plans for preschoolers, I include over 44 math activities that focus on learning position names and various skills patterning. For many preschoolers, these skills come fairly naturally.
Positions and Patterning Preschool Lesson Plans
These lesson plans are well developed because not only will your preschoolers learn how to identify and generate positional words, but they will also develop strong patterning skills. This unit offers a range of patterning activities, making sure concepts are being reinforced in systematic and multiple ways. For example, this unit includes patterning concepts like:
 identifying a pattern (or mistakes in a pattern)
 reading a pattern
 copying a pattern
 continuing a pattern
 continuing a pattern when the properties are not explicitly stated
 developing patterns
But patterning activities are not the only activities that should be included in math under the algebra domain. It also includes comparing and sorting activities.
Comparing and Sorting Activities
Comparing and sorting activities help preschoolers see relationships among sets of objects and those skills parallel those of patterning. Comparing and sorting activities should include:
 identify matching sets
 differentiating among groups
 finding similarities among groups that are otherwise different
 sorting by multiple attributes
Comparing and Sorting Preschool Lesson Plans
Like all my other lesson plans for math, this unit includes over 36 handson math activities for preschoolers, as well as eight printable math centers. It even include picture book recommendations to support sorting and comparing skills.
You might also enjoys these reads.
 The Early Algebra of Little Kids
 Teaching Algebraic Thinking to Young Children
 Preschoolers Can Do Algebra, John Hopkins Study Shows
Geometry Activities for Preschoolers
Geometry skills in a preschool are pretty obvious. Geometry is the domain in mathematics that concerns shapes and lines and their relationship in space. In a preschool setting, geometry skills include:
 identifying shapes
 comparing shapes
 differentiating between shapes
 creating shapes
 spacial reasoning using shapes
Most preschool teachers and parents are already teaching their preschoolers about shapes in their preschool math lesson plans. Are you doing enough? Are you hitting all five bullet points above in your preschool math activities for lesson plans?
My shapes preschool math unit includes everything you need to teach beginning geometry and shapes in preschool math.
Shapes Preschool Lesson Plans
These preschool lesson plans for shapes give you the lesson plans and the centers, as well as smaller daily math activities to keep your students learning. Not only will your preschoolers learn how to identify and compare basic shapes, but they will also develop spatial awareness skills. This unit offers a range of geometry activities, making sure concepts are being reinforced in systematic and multiple ways.
Just to give you an idea, these are the center included in the lesson plans:
 11 Shape Concentration
 12 Which One is the Same?
 13 Build a Shape Train Board Game
 14 Shape Puzzles
 15 Shape “Tracing”
 16 Shape Layering Visual Discrimination Game
 17 Attribute Button Matching Cards
 18 Everyday Shapes Sorting
Here are more resources about teaching shapes to preschoolers.
 Discovering Shapes and Space in Preschool
 Preschoolers’ Understanding of a Geometric Shape
 Learning and Teaching Geometry in Early Childhood
Measurement Activities for Preschoolers
In preschool, measurement activities concern the ability to recognize and define the size or amount of something. These are typically established using nonstandard units of measure.
Breaking down the measurement theme, preschool math lesson plans in shapes should include:
 measuring height, length, and weight in nonstandard units
 recognizing quantities that are more and less
 identifying most and least in quantities and volume
 identify big, medium and small, as well as bigger and smaller
 ordering up to 5 objects by size in both ascending and descending order
Preschoolers should experience ample practice in measurement so they can make connections between bigger and growing objects and number line math. Sometimes it is difficult to gather measurement activities for preschool, which is one reason why I wrote my measurement preschool math unit. It lays out what skills preschoolers should learn as well as what order to teach them, all while offering fun, handson activities.
Measurement Preschool Lesson Plans
Measurement activities don’t have to include specialty tools and toys, either. You can create measurement lesson plans for your preschoolers that use inexpensive printables and common classroom and household items.
You might also find these posts informative.
 Measurement in the Preschool Classroom
 How to Teach Kids Units of Measurement
 Preschool Childrens’ Understanding of Length and Measurement in Japan
Data Analysis and Probability in Preschool
I know, you’re probably thinking, “What?! In preschool?!” But preschoolers are more than capable of learning about data analysis and probability. Think graphs and estimation. In preschool, data analysis and probability skills include:
 reading simple graphs
 filling in simple data on a graph
 identifying more or less, most or least on a graph
 making basic estimations when considering 5 or fewer objects
In my graphing lesson plans for preschoolers, preschoolers are introduced to graphing concepts via building on their sorting skills. This is met with short, handson, teacherdirected activities that are reinforced with included printable math centers that can be done individually or with a partner or small group.
Graphing Preschool Lesson Plans
In my graphing preschool math unit, preschoolers learn to read a graph, as well as how to create one of their own. From graphing colors to graphing sets of “random” items, this unit is creative and wellthoughtout. This unit offers a range of graphing activities, making sure concepts are being reinforced in systematic and multiple ways.
These posts talk more about data analysis and probability in preschool.
 Can We Teach Probability to Young Children…
 Understanding Concepts of Probability in PreSchoolers…
 Data Analysis and Probability
Get A Free Preschool Math Lesson Plans Skills Checklist
Are you feeling overwhelmed? No need to be. I’ve got you covered. You can use this list as a guideline on how to teach math to preschoolers and you can certainly write own preschool math lesson plans.
Grab your free math skills checklist by clicking the image below and the pdf will be sent to your email.
Get Done for You Math Lesson Plans for Preschoolers
This Preschool Math Curriculum is designed to teach your preschooler all five disciplines of math without the boring worksheets! Children enjoy a variety of daily math activities in addition to 72 individual, handson and playful math centers!
>>> Buy the Entire Preschool Math Curriculum Here <<<
This product is a bundle of all nine math units and includes EVERYTHING YOU NEED to teach preschool math for an entire year! It is systematically designed, allowing you to teach your child or preschool students math in an organized manner.
No need to wonder how to approach preschool math, these lesson plans lay it out for you, but are flexible enough to be tweaked for the needs of your students. In fact, many of the activities included offer variations based on skill level.
The preschool math curriculum includes 36 weeks of spiraling lesson plans in all five disciplines of math (number sense, algebra, geometry, measurement, and data analysis), with an emphasis on developing number sense skills and counting and number identification up to 20.
Preschool Math Curriculum
I’m Sarah, an educator turned stayathomemama of five! I’m the owner and creator of Stay At Home Educator, a website about intentional teaching and purposeful learning in the early childhood years. I’ve taught a range of levels, from preschool to college and a little bit of everything in between. Right now my focus is teaching my children and running a preschool from my home. Credentials include: Bachelors in Art, Masters in Curriculum and Instruction.