Developing mathematics skills begin long before children enter formal schooling. In fact, preschool and toddler aged children are constantly playing with math. They naturally sort and organize. They build and design. These are mathematical skills children have a natural interest in and their beginning development comes through the very natural act of playing.
It is all good and well to say that math skills develop naturally, but young children also benefit from purposeful preschool math activities.
The 5 Disciplines of Preschool Math Activities Instruction
Wondering What to Teach in Preschool Math?
Not sure what math skills you should include in your preschool math lesson plans? Or what kind of preschool math activities you should include? Grab a free checklist here. Just click the image and a pdf will be sent to your email.
How to Teach Math to Preschoolers
Young children love to play with mathematics, and through play is where some of the strongest mathematical connections will be made. These connections will provide them with the right foundation to learn formal math with ease, however, unfortunately, many elementary-aged children claim they hate math!
So this begs us to ask a question of ourselves as parents and teachers: What has happened to their enjoyment and confidence? Where has the joy gone? The joy they used to experience when building math skills?
And then we ask…what preschool math activities are the most important? Am I planning the right preschool math activities so my students experience joy and excitement when learning math?
The early years allow children to explore mathematics in a natural way. Through hands-on activities and play!
Think of the toddler who lines up his tractors in a neat row or sorts her snack crackers by color, or the preschooler who turns a puzzle piece to find the right fit or uses blocks to build a tower in increments of two. These are examples of preschool math activities that naturally occur in early childhood.
They are playful but purposeful. And meaningful, too.
And it is through purposeful and active lessons that preschoolers can be taught a strong foundation in all five disciplines in math.
The Five Disciplines of Math Explained
All mathematics skills are summed up into five disciplines or domains. They are not just for high school students, or middle school, or just for elementary students. The five disciplines of math also apply to preschoolers.
It may sound intimidating, but it isn’t, and the instruction in all five disciplines is absolutely necessary to give preschoolers the best beginning possible in mathematics. They are:
You might be thinking, “Seriously, I supposed to teach algebra to preschoolers?!”
Well, yes, but if you stop to think about it, teaching all five disciplines is not only easier than you think, it is also developmentally appropriate for preschoolers, too! And, it is completely necessary for a complete and well-rounded preschool education.
What the Five Disciplines of Math Look Like in Preschool
Think about it like this: the following are some basic strands within each discipline.
- counting, number identification, addition and subtraction (number sense)
- patterns, comparing and sorting (algebra)
- shape identification, shape differentiation (geometry)
- comparing sizes, lengths and weights (measurement)
- graphing, simple estimation (data analysis)
To learn more about each domain, and to see way preschool math activities that fit within each, click the following links: