Exploring an ocean theme with preschoolers is more than just learning about ocean animals. There is so much more to the ocean than doing octopus crafts, adding whales and dolphins to the water bin, and doing the crab walk. (Although we certainly include all those things in our ocean studies in preschool!)
But what about learning about the ocean floor and how it responds to waves and tides? That’s what’s so great about these ocean discovery bottles! With a swish of the bottle, children can see how powerful the ocean can be and how it changes the floor of the ocean.
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Our ocean discovery bottles turned out even better than expected. It was one of those things I had imagined in my mind, but without executing prior to actually doing them in preschool there was a chance the discovery bottles wouldn’t turn out as perfectly as I was imagining.
But…they did. In fact, they turned out far better than the picture in my head.
And my preschoolers adored them.
I mean, Mom and Dad showed up at pick up time and every student jumped up to show off their ocean discovery bottle, shaking them and explaining what they knew about the ocean.
That excitement is when I know I’ve done something right.
With a few simply and inexpensive materials, this will easily be an activity that gets revisted each year.
Materials for Ocean Discovery Bottle
- empty, clear jar, such as aVOSS Artesian Water jar (We used baby food jars, which was risky since they are made of glass).
- water colored blue (or glycerin colored blue)
- tiny seashells
- ocean animal stickers
- hot glue, super glue, or other “childproof” glue
- plastic food trays (optional, but to contain any mess)
The Set Up
Place the sand in a bowl with a small scoop. We used a scoop from baby formula. Place the tiny seashells in another bowl. Set out a bottle on each food tray and invite your preschoolers to make their own discovery bottle. Put some water (colored blue) in a small pitcher, small enough to make it easy for your preschooler to handle.
Make Your Own Ocean Discovery Bottle
The steps in making the discovery bottle are pretty simple. Add a few scoops of sand. The amount is up to the preschooler, but the more sand the less “action” there will be from the “waves”. Most of my preschoolers opted for three to four scoops of sand to make their ocean floor.
Now invite your preschooler to add some seashells. My students loved talking about what teeny tiny animals must have lived in our teeny tiny shells. In a previous activity, we had used magnifying glasses to look closely at the sea shells, and we even added some to our sandbox, which the children still love finding. Add a scoop of tiny seashells.
Now add some colored water, filling the bottle mostly to the top, but leaving about a quarter inch to a half an inch of head space.
Seal tightly with a fast-drying, kid proof glue. We used hot glue.
Finally, add some ocean animal stickers to the outside of the bottle and enjoy!
What to Do With Ocean Discovery Bottles
This is always a question that is asked about discovery bottles. What do you do with them?
The preschoolers loved tilting their ocean discovery bottles to watch how to seashells and the sand moved. My daughter held hers up to the window and immediately noticed the clarity of her “ocean” as the additional light poured through the bottle. Other preschoolers shook their bottle vigorously, then put them on the table to watch the sand and seashells slowly fall back into place.
Mostly, a discovery bottle, especially our ocean bottles, are tools for observation and preschoolers learn how their actions impact what is in the bottle. In the case of our ocean discovery bottle, the preschoolers learned how moving the bottles caused the water to move, which moved the sand and tiny seashells. And depending on the type of movement, resulted in very, very different outcomes.
A note about using glycerin versus water…either will work, but since the viscosity of glycerin is thicker, the sea shells ended up floating to the top of the bottle after the bottle had been shaken. The advantage to glycerin, however, is the clarity. It is unbeatable compared to water, especially after the bottle has been handled a lot. But, water is definitely more realistic of what the ocean is like.
While I would have loved to have kept these bottles in our science center throughout the duration of our ocean theme, the preschoolers were simply too excited to part with them, so they went home the same day.